By Cleora Broens
#BringBackOurGirls #BokoHaram #Nigeria #GMABlog
Boko Haram, meaning ‘western education is forbidden’, is a Islamist group based in northeast Nigeria, as well as in Chad, Niger and northern Cameroon. The estimates of associates differ between one hundred to ten thousand, and the group has been linked to al-Qaeda and the ISIL, which stands for ‘Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant’.
Boko Haram has murdered more than five thousand people from July 2009 to June 2014, in attacks mostly taking place in the northeast, north central and central of Nigeria. Deception in the security services, as well as human rights abuses, committed by Boko Haram, have hindered attempts to challenge the anarchy.
By Cleora Broens
South Sudan, an independent country since 2011, has once again become a country of conflict. The conflict began when an argument took place between the President of South Sudan, Salva Kiir Mayardit and, now former, Vice President Riek Machar.
On the 15th December 2013, a meeting of the National Liberation Council took place in Nyakuron. Riek Machar attempted to veto the meeting and accused President Salva Kiir of implementing non democratic policies. President Salva Kiir accused Riek Machar of plotting a coup. Riek Machar denied this. President Salva Kiir ordered the Sudanese Peoples Liberation Movement’s (SPLM) Major General, Marial Ciennoung, to disarm the troops. After disarming the SPLM soldiers of Dinka and Nuer ethnicities, Marial commanded the Dinka members to rearm themselves. This made the Nuer ethnicity, question this command, which resulted in them rearming themselves. Dinka soldiers of the SPLM attacked and targeted civilians of Nuer ethnicity, in the capital city of Juba.