By Cleora Broens
#Pakistan #genderinequality #education #GMABlog
Pakistan’s educational system faces a lot of problems related to admission, calibre and equal opportunities at all levels, from primary and secondary schools to higher education to professional education. Even though there have been positive movements taking place, such as the fast spread of private schooling and the increase of higher educational opportunities, organised restoration of a working education system is still tenaciously incomprehensible. This inefficiency of governments to restore the system has had a terrible effect on Pakistan’s economic societal environments.
The educational system for girls is of a much lower standard than the educational system for boys in Pakistan. One of the causes of this is due to traditional attitudes, where families don’t want their girls to attend school. According to research conducted at Harvard School of Public Heath, the inequality between males and females has led to an alarming discrepancy: in Pakistan, 65% of Punjabi urban males had completed primary school, but only 10% of rural Balochi and Pathan females completed primary school.
Girls in Pakistan have the right to education. Unfortunately parents are not allowing this to happen. The government should create either organisations or programs to educate parents that girls should have the right to education. This would benefit the government because women can then contribute better to the working world, which in turn will aid Pakistan’s economy.
The higher education system in Pakistan has problems too. The percentage of people enrolled at Pakistani universities is only 8%, in comparison to India at 18% and Malaysia at 42%, meaning access to post-school education is very limited and therefore very exclusionary. There is also a low quality of capabilities, low student encouragements, inadequate learning methods, outmoded curriculums, poor direction and control of students for those who are at university, coupled with a huge lack in backing and analysis. This has resulted in a huge number of students not gaining and learning the requisite skills, needed for them to strongly contribute to a working and societal environment, in Pakistan or at a global scale.
When it comes to job related education in Pakistan, it’s even worse. It is estimated that less than 1% of the Pakistani population have received specialised education and job related training. Even though 75% of graduates have some basic skills, they still don’t have skills that are in demand in order for them to be employed. Public institutions have been blamed for this, due to outmoded groundwork. This has led to poor authority and lack in industrial interaction, and keeps people in poverty.
With all of these issues, people in Pakistan are struggling to be educated – and this struggle is even worse for women.
Lack of teacher training contributes to the poor educational system in Pakistan. Most teachers at private schools lack efficient qualifications, which results in them being seen as illiterate and inexperienced. In public schools, however, there are more teachers with efficient qualifications, but there have still been reports of teachers who have not been trained.
The government really needs to step up its game with regards to the education system in Pakistan. It needs to start implementing the 21st century education system for Pakistan, but, in order for this to happen, inspiring teachers need to receive basic training. This can be done by the government or ministers who are part of the education sector, to form programs that can teach those who want to become teachers, so that they will be able to learn, gain and understand social skills, in order to direct all students (female and male) into the right path.
This will help in getting students to contribute to the working and societal environment in Pakistan.
Cleora Andrea Broens is a human rights activist based in Johannesburg, South Africa. She holds a Social Science degree from Monash University Australia, majoring in International Relations, as well as Communication and Media Studies. She tweets at @cabro13